Like the neighbouring provinces of Salta and La Rioja, Catamarca is characterised by mountainous terrains, ancient and impressive volcanoes and valleys with small towns and rural wine production. The cultivation of vines takes place mainly in a succession of valleys located in the western regions, between the towns of Tinogasta - Fiambalá, and Santa María, which integrates the Calchaquí Valleys.
In general, the region has an arid continental climate, very dry, with average annual temperatures of around 18deg C, abundant hours of sunshine and around 43cm rainfall per year. The soils are sandy and deep, with pebbles. The total vineyard region covers just over 2,500 hectares
In the valleys of Catamarca red varieties such as Bonarda, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec and Syrah, have excellent results, although Torrontés Riojano records the largest area under cultivation.
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Without doubt the most important province in Argentinian wine production, accounting for around 75 percent of the total vineyards in Argentina. The highest peaks of the Andes are found in Mendoza, with Aconcagua sitting at around 6960 MASL. The presence of the Andes, which acts as a barrier to the humid winds of the Pacific, help shape the climate, generating ideal conditions for the cultivation of vines.